- Short legs in comparison to a normal sized head and torso
- Inward protruded rib cage
- Hyperextension of fetlock joints
- Tendon laxity
- Abnormal gait with outward rotation
- Abnormal development of legs and rib cage.
- Affected horses have a normal sized head and torso but unproportional short legs.
- Rib cage shows inward protrusion of ribs which may lead to breathing issues.
- Tendon laxity leads to instable joints and hence to abnormal gait.
Inheritance: autosomal recessive
→ Only animals with two copies of this variant (fd/fd) are affected. Animals with only one copy of the variant (N/fd) are clinically healthy carriers.
|Genotype:||The horse is:||Effects:|
|N/N||normal.||The horse has no copies of the genetic variant causitive for dwarfism and therefore cannot pass it on to its offspring.|
||The horse is clinically healthy. It has one copy of the genetic variant causitive for dwarfism, which will be passed on to its offspring with a probability of 50%.|
|fd/fd||affected.||The horse is affected and has two copies of the genetic variant causitive for dwarfism. The variant will be passed on to its offspring with a probability of 100%. All offspring will be carriers.|
- Carriers may be bred to normal animals (N/fd x N/N) without any risk of producing affected offspring. The offspring should also be tested before breeding to determine if they are carriers or normal.
- Breeding two carriers (N/fd x N/fd) is not recommended due to the possibility of 25% of the offspring being affected.
- Affected animals (fd/fd) should not be used for breeding.
Tes tinformation: This test detects the change of a single basepair in the B4GALT7 gene.
Leegwater, P.A., Vos-Loohuis, M., Ducro, B.J., Boegheim, I.J., van Steenbeek, F.G., Nijman, I.J., Monroe, G.R., Bastiaansen, J.W., Dibbits, B.W., van de Goor, L.H., Hellinga, I., Back, W., Schurink, A. : Dwarfism with joint laxity in Friesian horses is associated with a splice site mutation in B4GALT7. BMC Genomics 17:839, 2016. Pubmed reference: 27793082. DOI: 10.1186/s12864-016-3186-0.
Further information is available Online Mendelian Inheritance in Animals.